The focus made on one ingredient as a major cause of diseases like Type-2 diabetes disregards the established scientific knowledge that this illness is mainly caused by obesity – a complex and multifactorial issue – and lack of physical activity.

Sugar per se consumed in the context of a balanced diet, has not been established as a cause of obesity or Type-2 diabetes. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), in its 2010 opinion on carbohydrates[1] found insufficient evidence to establish that consuming sugar as part of a balanced diet causes obesity or obesity-related diseases. The World Health Organization, in its 2015 guideline on sugars intake for adults and children, also acknowledges that any effect of sugar on weight gain is purely due to the consumption of excess calories and not a specific effect of sugar per se.[2]

CEFS is concerned about obesity and obesity-related diseases. To address these issues, CEFS supports nutritional recommendations and initiatives, which are derived from science and aligned with EFSA.

[1] EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition, and Allergies (NDA); Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for carbohydrates and dietary fibre.  EFSA Journal 2010; 8(3):1462[77pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1462. Available online:

[2] Guideline: Sugars intake for adults and children. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015. See particularly Te Morenga L et al. (2013) Dietary sugars and body weight: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and cohort studies. BMJ; 346: e7492.