There are many different types of sugars. They all provide 4 kcal/17 kJ per gram. The sugars most commonly present in foods include: sucrose, glucose, fructose, maltose and lactose. All of these sugars occur naturally.

  • Sucrose is simply table sugar.
  • Glucose, fructose and sucrose are found in honey, and fruit and vegetables (see table below).
  • Maltose is a sugar produced by starch breakdown and is found in germinating cereals such as barley
  • Lactose is found in milk and milk products

Examples of sources of sugars in various fruits, vegetable and honey:[1]